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李 燕.健康教育在社区老年慢性病生活方式管理中的效果[J].中国现代医生,2021,59(27):176-179
健康教育在社区老年慢性病生活方式管理中的效果
Effect of health education on management of chronic life style in elderly in community
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  社区老年慢性病  生活方式  健康教育  日常护理  护理效果  护理依从性
英文关键词:Community elderly chronic disease  Life style  Health education  Daily nurse  Nursing effect  Nursing compliance
基金项目:江西省卫生健康委科技计划项目(202140412)
作者单位
李 燕 江西省景德镇市第二人民医院十八桥门诊江西景德镇 333000 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究社区老年慢性病生活方式管理中健康教育的效果。方法 回顾性分析2019 年10 月至2020 年10 月社区老年慢性病患者100例,依据护理方法分为日常护理组及健康教育组,每组各50例。日常护理组采用日常护理,健康教育组在日常护理基础上采用健康教育,统计分析两组患者的护理效果、相关临床指标及护理依从性。结果 健康教育组患者的知识掌握率、疾病知晓率、生活方式良好率均显著高于日常护理组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。健康教育组并发症发生率显著低于日常护理组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。护理后两组患者的血糖、血脂、血压达标率,非药物治疗知晓率较护理前明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);护理后健康教育组血糖、血脂、血压达标率,非药物治疗知晓率均显著高于日常护理组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。健康教育组患者的规律用药、自我血压监测、科学运动、合理饮食比例均显著高于日常护理组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 社区老年慢性病生活方式管理中健康教育的效果好。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the effect of health education in the management of chronic life style in the elderly in community.Methods A total of 100 elderly patients with chronic diseases in the community from October 2019 to October 2020 were retrospectively selected and divided into the routine nursing group and the health education group according to the nursing methods,with 50 patients in each group.The daily nursing group was treated with daily nursing,and the health education group was treated with health education based on daily nursing.The nursing effects,relevant clinical indicators and nursing compliance of the two groups were statistically analyzed.Results The knowledge mastery rate,disease awareness rate and good life style rate of patients in the health education group were significantly higher than those in the daily nursing group,with significant difference(P<0.05),and the complication rate of patients in the health education group?was significantly lower than that in the daily nursing group,with significant difference(P<0.05).After the nursing,the reaching the stardard rate of blood glucose,lipids,blood pressure,and awareness rate of non-drug therapy in both groups were significantly higher than those before the nursing,with significant difference(P<0.05).After the nursing,the reaching the stardard rate of blood glucose,lipids,blood pressure,and awareness rate of non-drug therapy in the health education group were significantly higher than those in the health education group,with significant difference(P<0.05).The proportions of regular medication,blood pressure self-monitoring,scientific exercise and reasonable diet in the health education group were significantly higher than those in the daily nursing group,with significant difference(P<0.05).Conclusion The effect of health education in the management of chronic life style in the elderly in community is good.
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