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殷 董1 陈 琳2▲ 惠海英1 马小萍1.临床病理讨论在皮肤病学实习带教中的应用效果[J].中国现代医生,2021,59(27):1-3+8
临床病理讨论在皮肤病学实习带教中的应用效果
Application effect of clinical pathology discussion in dermatology practice guiding and teaching
  
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中文关键词:  临床病理讨论  皮肤病学  实习带教  考核成绩  教学满意度
英文关键词:Clinical pathology discussion  Dermatology  Practice guiding and teaching  Examination achievement  Teaching satisfaction
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作者单位
殷 董1 陈 琳2▲ 惠海英1 马小萍1 1.陕西省人民医院皮肤科陕西西安 7100682.陕西省人民医院病理科陕西西安 710068 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨临床病理讨论在皮肤病学实习带教中的应用效果。方法 将我院2020 年1—12 月皮肤病学实习生50 名按数字奇偶法随机分组;试验组(n=25)采用临床病理讨论方式完成实习带教;参照组(n=25)采用传统教授方式完成实习带教;就组间理论考核成绩、操作考核成绩、教学满意度(互动及学习兴趣增强、教学目标明确、临床技能操作掌握程度提高、知识点掌握程度提高、分析解决问题能力提高、临床思维能力提高)展开比较。结果 试验组皮肤病学实习生理论考核成绩、操作考核成绩均高于参照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);试验组皮肤病学实习生互动及学习兴趣增强、教学目标明确、临床技能操作掌握程度提高、知识点掌握程度提高、分析解决问题能力提高、临床思维能力提高均高于参照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 临床病理讨论方式有效运用,使皮肤病学实习生理论及实践能力显著提高,并于互动及学习兴趣增强、教学目标明确、临床技能操作掌握程度提高、知识点掌握程度提高、分析解决问题能力提高、临床思维能力提高方面效果显著,最终提升教学满意度,充分证明在皮肤病学实习带教期间临床病理讨论应用可行性。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the application effect of clinical pathology discussion in dermatology practice guiding and teaching.Methods A total of 50 dermatology interns from January to December 2020 in our hospital were randomly divided into two groups according to the number odd-even method.The experimental group (n=25) complete the practice guiding and teaching with the clinical pathology discussion method;the reference group (25 patients) complete the practice guiding and teaching with the traditional teaching method.The theoretical examination achievement,operational examination achievement and teaching satisfaction (increased interaction and learning interest,clear teaching objectives,improved mastery of clinical skills and operation,improved mastery of knowledge points,improved ability to analyze and solve problems,and improved clinical thinking ability) between the 2 groups were compared.Results The theoretical examination achievement and operational examination achievement of interns in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the reference group,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Compared with the reference group,in the experimental group,the enhancement of interaction and learning interest,the clear of the teaching objective,and the improvements of the degree of clinical skill operation,knowledge point mastery,the ability of analyzing and solving problems and the clinical thinking ability of the dermatology interns were more significant,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The effective use of clinical pathological discussions can significantly increase the theoretical and practical ability of dermatology interns,the interaction and learning interest,the clear teaching objective,the clinical skill mastery degree,the knowledge point mastery degree,ability of analyzing and solving problem skills,and ability of clinical thinking,and the effect is remarkable,which will ultimately effectively improve the teaching satisfaction,and fully prove the feasibility of clinical pathology discussion application during dermatology practice guiding and teaching.
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