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姜闪闪 严 琴 邹 莺▲ 强亚萍.针对性护理模式对冠心病心绞痛患者心率血压及心理状态的影响分析[J].中国现代医生,2021,59(19):175-178
针对性护理模式对冠心病心绞痛患者心率血压及心理状态的影响分析
Analysis of the effect of targeted nursing mode on the heart rate,blood pressure,and psychological state of patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  针对性护理模式  冠心病心绞痛  心率  血压  心理状态
英文关键词:Targeted nursing model  Coronary heart disease angina pectoris  Heart rate  Blood pressure  Mental state
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作者单位
姜闪闪 严 琴 邹 莺▲ 强亚萍 解放军东部战区总医院心血管内科,江苏南京 210000 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨针对性护理模式在冠心病心绞痛患者临床治疗中的应用效果,结合患者的心率血压及心理状态变化情况进行评价。方法 选取解放军东部战区总医院心血管内科2019 年2 月至2020 年2 月期间收治的74 例冠心病心绞痛患者作为研究对象,应用随机数字表法,分为观察组37 例,进行针对性护理模式,对照组37 例,进行常规护理,对比两组患者的护理效果。结果 与对照组相比,观察组患者在护理后的心率(HR)水平[(76.17±4.82)次/min vs.(80.62±3.94)次/min]、收缩压(SBP)水平[(134.42±10.25)mmHg vs.(143.57±11.94)mmHg]、舒张压(DBP)水平[(88.92±7.63)mmHg vs.(44.73±5.05)mmHg]、心绞痛发作频次[(0.52±0.13)次/周vs.(1.47±0.31)次/周]以及焦虑自评量表(SAS)评分[(38.14±4.37)分vs.(93.71±5.09)分]相对更低(P<0.05),与对照比,观察组患者的护理满意度相对更高(P<0.05)。结论 冠心病心绞痛患者的治疗恢复期间,针对性护理模式的应用,可以有效纠正患者的心率、血压异常,同时改善其心理状态,减少症状的发作,改善患者的预后。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the application effect of targeted nursing mode in the clinical treatment of patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris,and evaluate the changes in the patients' heart rate,blood pressure,and mental state.Methods A total of 74 patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris admitted to the Department of Cardiology in the General Hospital of Eastern Theater of the People's Liberation Army from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected as the research objects.The patients were divided into the observation group (37 cases) and the control group (37 cases) by random number table method.The observation group was treated with targeted nursing mode.The control group was treated with routine care.The nursing effect of the two groups was compared.Results Compared with the control group,the observation group patients' heart rate (HR) level [(76.17±4.82) beats/min vs.(80.62±3.94) beats/min],systolic blood pressure (SBP) level [(134.42±10.25) mmHg vs.(143.57±11.94)mmHg],diastolic blood pressure (DBP) level [(88.92±7.63)mmHg vs.(93.71±5.09)mmHg],frequency of angina attacks [(0.52±0.13) times/week vs.(1.47±0.31) times/week] and the Anxiety Self-Rating Scale (SAS) score [(38.14±4.37) points vs.(44.73±5.05) points]after nursing were relatively lower (P<0.05),compared with the control group and patient satisfaction with care of the observation group was relatively higher (P<0.05).Conclusion During the recovery period of patients with coronary heart disease and angina pectoris,the application of targeted nursing mode can effectively correct the patient's abnormal heart rate and blood pressure,while improving their mental state,reducing the onset of symptoms,and improving the prognosis of patients.
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