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张 丽 叶健晓▲.静脉溶栓治疗急性脑梗死预后影响因素分析[J].中国现代医生,2021,59(11):40-43+47
静脉溶栓治疗急性脑梗死预后影响因素分析
Analysis on the impacting factors of prognosis in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction by intravenous thrombolysis
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  急性脑梗死  静脉溶栓  NIHSS 评分  OCSP 分型  TOAST 分型  预后
英文关键词:Acute cerebral infarction  Intravenous thrombolysis  NIHSS score  OCSP subtype  TOAST subtype  Prognosis
基金项目:浙江省医药卫生科技计划项目(2020ZH012)
作者单位
张 丽 叶健晓▲ 浙江省丽水市中心医院急诊科浙江丽水 323000 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨静脉溶栓治疗急性脑梗死预后影响因素。方法 选择2019 年1 月至2020 年3 月在我院治疗的急性脑梗死患者120 例的临床资料进行回顾性分析,根据3 个月后mRS 评分分为预后良好组(n=68)与预后不良组(n=52)。单因素及多因素分析影响患者预后的相关因素。结果 单因素分析结果显示,与预后良好组比较,预后不良组患者脑梗死面积更大,入院时血糖水平更高,溶栓前NIHSS 评分更高,OCSP 分型TACI 比例更高,TOAST 分型LAA 型更高,24 h 内NIHSS 评分改善≥40%比例更低,溶栓后脑出血比例更高,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。多因素分析结果显示,梗死面积、入院时血糖水平、溶栓前NIHSS 评分、TACI 分型、LAA 分型是静脉溶栓治疗急性脑梗死预后不良的独立危险因素(P<0.05),而24 h 内NIHSS 改善≥40%是保护因素(P<0.05)。结论 影响静脉溶栓治疗急性脑梗死预后的相关因素中主要有梗死面积、溶栓前NIHSS 评分以及临床分型等,而溶栓后短时间NIHSS 改善情况是保护因素,可以作为患者溶栓治疗后预后的判断指标。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the impacting factors of prognosis in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction by intravenous thrombolysis.Methods The clinical data of 120 cases of patients with acute cerebral infarction treated in our hospital from January 2019 to March 2020 were selected and analyzed retrospectively,and they were divided into the good prognosis group (n=68) and the poor prognosis group (n=52) according to mRS score 3 months after the treatment.Univariate and multivariate analysis were applied in the related factors impacting the prognosis of patients.Results Univariate analysis showed that compared with the good prognosis group,patients in the poor prognosis group were diagnosed as larger cerebral infarction area,higher blood glucose level at admission,higher NIHSS score before thrombolysis,higher proportion with TACI of OCSP subtype,higher proportion with TOAST subtype of LAA type,lower proportion with NIHSS score improvement ≥40% within 24 hours,and higher proportion with cerebral hemorrhage after thrombolysis (P<0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that the infarct size (IS),blood glucose level at admission,NIHSS score before thrombolysis,TACI subtype,LAA subtype were independent risk factors of intravenous thrombolysis for poor prognosis of acute cerebral infarction(P<0.05),while NIHSS score improvement≥40%was a protective factor(P<0.05).Conclusion The related factors impacting the prognosis of acute cerebral infarction after intravenous thrombolysis mainly include IS,NIHSS score before thrombolysis and clinical subtype,etc.The short-term improvement of NIHSS score after thrombolysis is a protective factor,which can be used as a prognostic index for patients after thrombolytic therapy.
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