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万 梅 胡 蓉.循证护理在预防手术患者文化休克中的应用[J].中国现代医生,2021,59(4):162-164
循证护理在预防手术患者文化休克中的应用
Application of evidence-based nursing in preventing cultural shock of surgical patients
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  循证护理  手术患者  文化休克  负面心理
英文关键词:Evidence-based nursing  Surgical patients  Cultural shock  Negative psychology
基金项目:江西省吉安市科技计划项目(吉市科计字[2019]8 号(18))
作者单位
万 梅 胡 蓉 江西省吉安市中心人民医院血液透析室江西吉安 343000 
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中文摘要:
      目的探讨循证护理在预防手术患者文化休克中的临床应用价值。方法 选择2019 年6—10 月本院在手术室实施全身麻醉下手术患者80 例,按照随机数字法分为两组,每组各40 例。对照组实施常规护理,如一般护理、术前准备、术后护理常规等,观察组针对手术患者进行循证护理干预,对所有入组者住院期间及出院后1 个月内情况进行电话随访,比较两组手术室相关文化休克指标,统计围术期观察组患者存在的不良心理状况,及两组术前准备时间及总住院时间。结果 观察组手术室相关文化休克指标中文化环境的陌生、文化沟通障碍、文化适应能力障碍、个人支持系统、孤独感和态度改变的比例均显著低于对照组(P<0.05),围术期观察组患者存在的不良心理状况,如沮丧、恐惧、焦虑和绝望的比例均显著低于对照组(P<0.05),观察组术前准备时间短于对照组(P<0.05),总住院时间短于对照组(P<0.05)。结论针对手术室手术患者实施循证护理干预,能显著降低文化休克发生率,调整患者心态,缩短患者住院时间。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the clinical application value of evidence-based nursing in the prevention of cultural shock in surgical patients.Methods A total of 80 patients undergoing surgery under general anesthesia in the operating room of our hospital from June to October 2019 were selected and divided into two groups according to the random number method,with 40 cases in each group.The control group received routine nursing care,such as general nursing,preoperative preparation,postoperative nursing routine,etc.The observation group carried out evidence-based nursing intervention for the surgical patients,and conducted telephone follow-ups on all the patients during their hospitalization and within 1 month after discharge.The related cultural shock indicators in the operating room of the two groups were compared.The adverse psychological conditions of the patients in the perioperative observation group were counted,as well as the preoperative preparation time and total hospital stay of the two groups.Results The proportion of unfamiliar cultural environment,cultural communication obstacles,cultural adaptation ability obstacles,personal support systems,loneliness and attitude changes of the operating room related cultural shock indicators in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group(P<0.05).The proportion of adverse psychological conditions in the observation group during the perioperative period,such as depression,fear,anxiety and despair,was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05).The preoperative preparation time in the observation group was shorter than that in the control group(P<0.05),and the total length of hospital stay was shorter than that of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion The implementation of evidence-based nursing intervention for patients undergoing surgery in the operating room can significantly reduce the incidence of cultural shock,adjust the mentality of patients,and shorten the length of hospital stay.
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