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肖小六 郑弘毅▲ 缪林煜 邝光华.血液灌流联合血液透析治疗急诊重症有机磷农药中毒的效果与预后[J].中国现代医生,2021,59(4):75-78
血液灌流联合血液透析治疗急诊重症有机磷农药中毒的效果与预后
The effect and prognosis of hemoperfusion combined with hemodialysis in the treatment of emergency severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  血液灌流  血液透析  重症有机磷农药中毒  生活质量
英文关键词:Hemoperfusion  Hemodialysis  Severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning  Quality of life
基金项目:江西省赣州市指导性科技计划项目(GZ2017ZSF 146)
作者单位
肖小六 郑弘毅▲ 缪林煜 邝光华 江西省赣州市人民医院急诊科江西赣州 341000 
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中文摘要:
      目的观察血液灌流联合血液透析治疗急诊重症有机磷农药中毒的效果与预后。方法 回顾性选取2017 年4 月至2019 年5 月我院治疗的急诊重症有机磷农药中毒患者60 例为研究对象,分为对照组与观察组,每组各30 例。采用常规治疗的患者为对照组,采用血液灌流与血液透析联合治疗的患者为观察组。比较两组患者的临床治疗效果、住院时间、昏迷到清醒时间、并发症发生情况及治疗前后的生活质量。结果 治疗后,观察组有效率为93.33%,高于对照组的76.67%,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);观察组的社会功能评分为(88.57±3.46)分、躯体疼痛评分为(94.24±3.51)分、精神健康评分为(88.12±4.46)分、生理职能评分为(90.42±4.56)分,均高于对照组的(76.44±3.67)分、(78.59±3.52)分、(72.64±4.37)分、(76.97±4.77)分(P<0.05);观察组昏迷到清醒时间为(9.08±2.43)min,住院时间为(6.58±2.01)d,均短于对照组的(17.48±5.72)min、(11.49±2.33)d,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组的并发症总发生率为3.33%,低于对照组的23.33%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论血液灌流联合血液透析治疗急诊重症有机磷农药中毒患者,能有效缩短住院时间和昏迷到清醒时间,降低并发症总发生率,并提高患者生活质量,值得临床推广。
英文摘要:
      Objective To observe the effect and prognosis of hemoperfusion combined with hemodialysis in the treatment of emergency severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning.Methods Sixty patients with severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning in the emergency department who were treated in our hospital from April 2017 to May 2019 were selected as the research objects.They were divided into the control group and the observation group,with 30 cases in each group.Patients who received conventional treatment were included in the control group,and those who received combined hemoperfusion and hemodialysis were included in the observation group.The clinical treatment effect,hospitalization time,time from coma to awake,complication situation,and quality of life before and after treatment were compared and observed between the two groups.Results After treatment,the effective rate (93.33%) of the observation group was higher than that of the control group(76.67%),but the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05).The observation group′s social function score(88.57±3.46) points,physical pain score (94.24±3.51) points,mental health score(88.12±4.46) points,and physiological function score (90.42±4.56) points were all higher than those(76.44±3.67) points,(78.59±3.52) points,(72.64±4.37) points,(76.97±4.77) points of the control group,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).The coma to awake time(9.08±2.43) min and hospitalization time (6.58±2.01) d of the observation group were shorter than those of the control group([17.48±5.72]min and [11.49±2.33]d),the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).The total complication rate of the observation group(3.33%) was lower than that of the control group(23.33%),the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion Hemoperfusion combined with hemodialysis in the treatment of emergency patients with severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning can effectively shorten the hospital stay and the time from coma to awake,reduce the total incidence of complications and improve the quality of life,and it is worthy of clinical promotion.
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